0
info@redzet.eu

Nature » Plants » Wild plants, flowers

Spider on Greater CelandineGreater Celandine
Read description
Spider on Greater Celandine, Lielā strutene (Chelidonium majus), Ziedi, Zirnekļi (Araneae)

Spider on Greater Celandine

Code: A-106-18
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on May 20, 2018
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
89 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 3464 x 2310 px
29.33 x 19.56 cm / 300 dpi
3.55 MB

Chelidonium majus, (commonly known as greater celandine or tetterwort), is a herbaceous perennial plant. It is native to Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.

Description
Greater celandine is a perennial herb with an erect habit, and reaches 30–120 cm (12–47 in) high. The blue-grey, leavesare pinnate (feather-like) with lobed and wavy-edged margins, up to 30 cm (12 in) long. When injured, the plant exudes a yellow to orange latex, or sap.

The flowers consist of four yellow petals, each about 18 mm (0.71 in) long, with two sepals. A double-flowered variety occurs naturally. The flowers appear from late spring to summer, May to September (in UK), in umbelliform cymesof about 4 flowers.

The seeds are small and black, borne in a long, cylindrical capsule. Each has an elaiosome, which attracts ants to disperse the seeds (myrmecochory).

Pharmacology
The whole plant is toxic in moderate doses as it contains a range of isoquinoline alkaloids but there are numerous therapeutic uses when used at the correct dosage.

The effect of the fresh herb is of a mild analgesic, cholagogic, antimicrobial, oncostatic and central nervous system sedative.

The characteristic latex also contains proteolytic enzymes and the phytocystatin chelidostatin, a cysteine protease inhibitor.

Chelidonium is used to make the alternative cancer treatment Ukrain.

Herbalism
The aerial parts and roots of greater celandine are used in herbalism. The above-ground parts are gathered during the flowering season and dried at high temperatures. The root is harvested in autumn between August and October and dried. The fresh rhizome is also used. Celandine has a hot and bitter taste. Preparations are made from alcoholic and hot aqueous extractions (tea). The related plant bloodroot has similar chemical composition and uses as greater celandine.

As far back as Pliny the Elder and Dioscorides (1st century CE) this herb has been recognized as a useful detoxifying agent. The root has been chewed to relieve toothache. John Gerard's Herball (1597) states that "the juice of the herbe is good to sharpen the sight, for it cleanseth and consumeth away slimie things that cleave about the ball of the eye and hinder the sight and especially being boiled with honey in a brasen vessell."

It was formerly used by some Romani people as a foot refresher; modern herbalists use its purgative properties. The modern herbalist Juliette de Baïracli Levy recommended greater celandine diluted with milk for the eyes and the latex for getting rid of warts. Chelidonium was a favourite herb of the French herbalist Maurice Mességué. Chelidonium majus has traditionally been used for treatment of various inflammatory diseases including atopic dermatitis. It is also traditionally used in the treatment of gallstones and dyspepsia.

The Iroquois give an infusion of whole plant, another plant and milk to pigs that drool and have sudden movements.
en.wikipedia.org

Spider on Greater Celandine

Code: A-106-18
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on May 20, 2018
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
89 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 3464 x 2310 px
29.33 x 19.56 cm / 300 dpi
3.55 MB
When choosing to browse our site, you consent to the use of cookies to tailor your experience.
Accept
Priecājamies dalīties ar savām fotogrāfijām!

Turpināt lejuplādēt

Ja vēlaties atbalstīt portālu ar savu brīvprātīgo ziedojumu tā attīstībai:
PayPal:
vai
Bankas pārskaitījums:
Aija Pastare
Konts: LV13HABA0551043352866