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Nature » Plants » Wild plants, flowers

Bloody geraniumRoyal helleborine
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Royal helleborine and Beetle, Tumšsarkanā dzeguzene (Epipactis atrorubens), Vaboles (Coleoptera)

Royal helleborine and Beetle

Code: A-514-19
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on July 4, 2019
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
103 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 5117 x 3411 px
43.32 x 28.88 cm / 300 dpi
9.83 MB

Epipactis atrorubens, the dark-red helleborine or royal helleborine, is an herbaceous plant in the orchid family, Orchidaceae.

As with many other species of orchids, the species is legally protected in some countries. Plantlife designated the dark-red helleborine as the county flower for Banffshire, Scotland.

Epipactis atrorubens
 Kingdom:     Plantae
 Clade:  Tracheophytes
 Clade:  Angiosperms
 Clade:  Monocots
 Order:  Asparagales
 Family:  Orchidaceae
 Subfamily:  Epidendroideae
 Genus:  Epipactis
 Species:  E. atrorubens

Description
The plant is hardy and has a short rootstalk, often with multiple, fleshy roots. It blooms from June to August with erect, mostly purple inflorescences with dense hair on the tops, standing between 20–80 cm (7.9–31.5 in) in height. The blossoms emit a strong vanilla scent, especially in warm weather. The flowers sometimes vary in color, but are in general reddish-brown. The fruit is a capsule, out of which the light, dustlike seeds are spread by the wind. A number of natural hybrids with other Epipactis species are known.

Distribution and habitat
The dark-red helleborine is widespread across Europe, and is found in the north to the subarctic, in the south to the Mediterranean, and in the east to Western Siberia and the Caucasus. (Codes) The orchid grows at altitudes from sea level to 2,400 m (7,900 ft), and so can be found in mountainous regions such as the southern Alps. In Central Europe it has been in decline in recent decades. It is not, however, one of the most severely threatened species of orchid. The species is also reportedly naturalized in one location in the US State of Vermont.

The dark-red helleborine favours warm and dry locations, with soil basic to neutral in pH, nutrient-poor, and permeable. It grows in loose rock, scree, or sandy soils above a limestone substrate, including dunes, lawns, or open forest. It is also a pioneer species, which settles in fallow areas, road embankments, and waste dumps, in the early to middle stages of ecological succession, among communities of grass and bush and light birch stands.

Ecology
Epipactis atrorubens relies upon mycorrhizal associations with several fungi species in the order Pezizales. Pezizales are some of the least abundant fungal species in the forests where this orchid species grows.

The flowers of this orchid species are often pollinated by insects, particularly bees.

Conservation
This species is assessed as conservation status 'least concern' in Europe and in the United Kingdom, however it's distribution in some countries is scarce and it has been noted to be threatened in some areas by overgrazing and quarrying.
en.wikipedia.org

Royal helleborine and Beetle

Code: A-514-19
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on July 4, 2019
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
103 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 5117 x 3411 px
43.32 x 28.88 cm / 300 dpi
9.83 MB
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