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Sunset Landscape at St. Ives BeachSunset Red Clouds
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Porthmeor beach Sunset, St. Ives, Cornwall, Ķeltu jūra, Atlantijas okeāns, Lielbritānija, Saulriets, Debesis

Porthmeor beach Sunset, St. Ives, Cornwall

Code: AG-084-09
Author: Aija Pastare
Photo taken on August 05, 2009
S 2000 x 1334 px
1.46 MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 3679 x 2453 px
31.15 x 20.77 cm / 300 dpi
4.24 MB

The Celtic Sea (Irish: An Mhuir Cheilteach; Welsh: Y Môr Celtaidd; Cornish: An Mor Keltek; Breton: Ar Mor Keltiek; French: La mer Celtique) is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the south coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint George's Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wales, Cornwall, Devon, and Brittany. The southern and western boundaries are delimited by the continental shelf, which drops away sharply. The Isles of Scilly are an archipelago of small islands in the sea.

History
The Celtic Sea receives its name from the Celtic heritage of the bounding lands to the north and east. The name was first proposed by E. W. L. Holt at a 1921 meeting in Dublin of fisheries experts from England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland and France. The northern portion of this sea was considered as part of Saint George's Channel and the southern portion as an undifferentiated part of the "Southwest Approaches" to Great Britain. The desire for a common name came to be felt because of the common marine biology, geology and hydrology of the area. It was adopted in France before being common in the English-speaking countries; in 1957 Édouard Le Danois wrote, "the name Celtic Sea is hardly known even to oceanographers."It was adopted by marine biologists and oceanographers, and later by petroleum exploration firms. It is named in a 1963 British atlas, but a 1972 article states "what British maps call the Western Approaches, and what the oil industry calls the Celtic Sea certainly the residents on the western coast [of Great Britain] don't refer to it as such."

Seabed
The seabed under the Celtic Sea is called the Celtic Shelf, part of the continental shelf of Europe. The northeast portion has a depth of between 90 and 100 m (300–330 ft), increasing towards Saint George's Channel. In the opposite direction, sand ridges pointing southwest have a similar height, separated by troughs approximately 50 m (160 ft) deeper. These ridges were formed by tidal effects when the sea level was lower. South of 50°N the topography is more irregular.

Oil and gas exploration in the Celtic Sea has had limited commercial success. The Kinsale Head gas field supplied much of the Republic of Ireland in the 1980s and 1990s.

Ecology of the Celtic Sea
The Celtic Sea has a rich fishery with total annual catches of 1.8 million tonnes as of 2007.

Four cetacean species occur frequently in the area: minke whale, bottlenose dolphin, short-beaked common dolphin and harbor porpoise. Formerly it held an abundance of marine mammals.
en.wikipedia.org

Porthmeor beach Sunset, St. Ives, Cornwall

Code: AG-084-09
Author: Aija Pastare
Photo taken on August 05, 2009
S 2000 x 1334 px
1.46 MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 3679 x 2453 px
31.15 x 20.77 cm / 300 dpi
4.24 MB
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