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Pasta Sala Lighthouse and Mitava BridgeKolka Breakwater
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An Old Crane on a Pier in Kolka, Kolka

An Old Crane on a Pier in Kolka

Code: V-609-19
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on July 26, 2019
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
144 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 6000 x 4000 px
50.8 x 33.87 cm / 300 dpi
16.9 MB

Kolka (Livonian: Kūolka; Russian: "Колка") is a village in Kolka parish, Dundaga municipality, on the tip of Cape Kolka in Courland in Latvia, on the coast of the Gulf of Riga in ancient Livonia.

Kolka
village
 Country      Latvia
 Municipality  Dundaga municipality
 Parish  Kolka parish
 Elevation  10 ft (3 m)
 Population (2011)  874
 Postal code  LV-3275 Kolka

Livonian homeland
Kolka and other surrounding villages of Livonian coast are home to the last remnants of Latvia's Livonian ethnic group, whose Livonian language is highly endangered. The village has the highest number of Livonians in the historical area of Livonian coast. In 1995, of the 186 Livonians in Latvia, 53 were living in Kolka.

History
Kolka may be the place where Danish archbishop Absalon built the first church in the Baltic region. The first mentions of it are from 1387, when it was called Domesnes, which may refer to Danish or Finnish background. The Livonian name Kūolka means "corner" in English.

Situated on the cape, the Kolka lighthouse was built in 1864 by Russian Empire navy and has been renovated twice (in 1975 and 1985). There are also ruins of the old lighthouse, which was built in the 14th century.

Religion
Kolka has three picturesque old churches (all in service now): Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic (the three largest religious groups in Latvia). Kolka also has connection to the Tikhvin icon (Theotokos of Tikhvin), as it is Kolka's Russian Orthodox priest first saved it and his spiritual son later returned it to its original place.

Present times
Kolka has a small hotel, a restaurant, several shops, post office, chemist, and petrol station. An old fish processing factory (now closed) is located in the port harbour. There is Liv cultural centre with small museum.
en.wikipedia.org

An Old Crane on a Pier in Kolka

Code: V-609-19
Author: Aivars Gulbis
Photo taken on July 26, 2019
FREE 1000 x 667 px
72 dpi
144 KB
S 1748 x 1165 px
14.8 x 9.87 cm / 300 dpi
MB
M 3000 x 2000 px
25.4 x 16.93 cm / 300 dpi
L 6000 x 4000 px
50.8 x 33.87 cm / 300 dpi
16.9 MB
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